IL SISTEMA DI GESTIONE AMBIENTALE: EMAS
The Community eco-management and audit system (EMAS = Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) is a system to which companies and organizations, both public and private, based in the territory of the European Community or outside of it, can voluntarily join that wish to commit themselves to assessing and improving their environmental efficiency.
The objective of EMAS is to promote continuous improvements in the environmental performance of organizations, including through:
The environmental management system required by the EMAS standard is based on the ISO 14001 standard, of which all the requisites are referred, while the open dialogue with the public is pursued by requiring that the organizations publish (and keep updated) an Environmental Statement in which they are reported information and salient data of the organization regarding its aspects and environmental impacts.
To adhere to EMAS the company must equip itself to meet a series of obligations, following the example of the following scheme:
After verifying whether the site complies with all relevant environmental laws and regulations, the company must first have Environmental Policies , with which it undertakes to continuously improve the environmental performance of its activities (see following diagram).
It would be advisable to carry out an Analysis of the site in relation to environmental "aspects": in practice it is a question of analyzing products, processes, services, in order to evaluate the consequences that the industrial activity determines on the surrounding environment. p>
Following this, the Organization must prepare a Program to improve the situation that emerged from the Analysis and proceed with the implementation of the Environmental Management System that is consistent with the Policies, and is able to manage the Program (see diagram below). P>
Finally, we proceed with the preparation of an Environmental Statement which will be subjected to Validation by accredited Verifiers.